wood, oriental spruce (#982)

ID-number#982
Materialwood, oriental spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
RemarksBiochemical composition on extractive free basis! Concentration of extractives: 3.1% (obtained with extraction with acetone/water)
LiteratureA. Demirbas: Calculation of higher heating values of biomass fuels. Fuel 76 (5) pp. 431-434 (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.50

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 51.90 52.16 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.10 6.13 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.30 0.30 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.90 41.11 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.70 99.70 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.10 20.20
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.81 20.92 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 50.80 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 21.20 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 27.50 Measured
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 100.00 Calculated