hazelnut seedcoat (#976)

ID-number#976
Materialhazelnut seedcoat
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ hazelnut
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
RemarksBiochemical composition on extractive free basis! Concentration of extractives: 19.6% (obtained with extraction with alcohol/benzene)
LiteratureA. Demirbas: Calculation of higher heating values of biomass fuels. Fuel 76 (5) pp. 431-434 (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 1.80

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 50.08 51.00 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.30 5.40 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.28 1.30 Measured
Oxygen wt% 41.54 42.30 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.14 18.48
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.30 19.65
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.92 19.27 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 29.60 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 15.70 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 53.00 Measured
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 100.10 Calculated