hazelnut shell (#975)

ID-number#975
Materialhazelnut shell
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ hazelnut ▸ hazelnut shell
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
RemarksBiochemical composition on extractive free basis! Concentration of extractives: 4.2% (obtained with extraction with acetone/water)
LiteratureA. Demirbas: Calculation of higher heating values of biomass fuels. Fuel 76 (5) pp. 431-434 (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 1.30

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 50.34 51.00 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.33 5.40 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.28 1.30 Measured
Oxygen wt% 41.75 42.30 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.30 19.55
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.03 19.28 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 25.90 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 29.90 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 42.50 Measured
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 99.60 Calculated