olive husk (#974)

ID-number#974
Materialolive husk
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive ▸ olive husk
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
RemarksBiochemical composition on extractive free basis! Concentration of extractives: 8.1% (obtained with extraction with alcohol/benzene)
LiteratureA. Demirbas: Calculation of higher heating values of biomass fuels. Fuel 76 (5) pp. 431-434 (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 4.00

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.00 50.00 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.95 6.20 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.54 1.60 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.51 42.20 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.70 18.43
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.00 19.79
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.13 19.93 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 24.00 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 23.60 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 48.40 Measured
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 100.00 Calculated