wheat straw, pellets (#972)

ID-number#972
Materialwheat straw, pellets
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw, pellets
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarkstested in ECN BFB gasifier (WOB)
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.10
Ash content wt% 6.31 7.10
Volatile matter wt% 66.59 74.90 80.62
Fixed carbon wt% 16.00 18.00 19.38 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.72 45.80 49.30 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.30 5.96 6.42 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.40 0.45 0.48 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.16 0.17 Measured
Oxygen wt% 35.68 40.13 43.20 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.01 17.19 18.50
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.44 18.49 19.90
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.48 18.54 19.95 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 556.0 4 000.0 4 305.7 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg (dry) 10.0

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 12 400.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 100.0 Measured