coal, bituminous coal, UK HemHeath (#958)

ID-number#958
Materialcoal, bituminous coal, UK HemHeath
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ fossil fuel ▸ coal
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen
Ash type815 degC (BS 1016)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksheating value calculated, not measured; ash data and trace elements from Abbas et.al. Vol. 2 Clean Coal Technology Progamme 1992-1994 APAS contract COAL-CT92-0002, J.M. Bemtgen et.al.
LiteratureP. Costen, F. C. Lockwood and J. J. Ou: Analysis of solid waste fuels, APAS Clean Coal Technology, London (UK), Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, EUcontract CT92-0002, 32 p. (1994).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.70
Ash content wt% 5.01 5.10
Volatile matter wt% 34.01 34.60 36.46
Fixed carbon wt% 59.27 60.30 63.54 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 77.85 79.20 83.46 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.62 4.70 4.95 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.77 1.80 1.90 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.88 0.90 0.95 Measured
Oxygen wt% 7.47 7.60 8.01 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 30.66 31.23 32.91
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 31.71 32.26 33.99
HHVMilne MJ/kg 31.53 32.08 33.80 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 6 881.0 7 000.0 7 376.2 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 146.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 2 940.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 1.0
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 2.0
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.0
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 23.0 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 53.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 20.0 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 15.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 2.0
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 2.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 080
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 170
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 300

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 603

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 4.90
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.20
SiO2 wt% (ash) 34.10
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 21.10
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 24.90
CaO wt% (ash) 8.10
MgO wt% (ash) 1.90
Na2O wt% (ash) 2.10
K2O wt% (ash) 1.00
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.70