sewage sludge, granulates (#941)

ID-number#941
Materialsewage sludge, granulates
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ sludge ▸ sewage
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [400] slib ▸ [410] zuiveringsslib RWZI
Ash typeISO 1171 (815 degC)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarkstested in ECN CFB gasifier (BIVKIN) mixed with demolition wood
LiteratureJ. W. Vermeulen and A. van der Drift: Brandstoffen uit reststromen voor circulerend wervelbedvergassing, rapportage fase 2, (non-confidential version, in Dutch), Haarlem, NV Afvalzorg (1998).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.60
Ash content wt% 32.18 36.00
Volatile matter wt% 47.02 52.60 82.19
Fixed carbon wt% 10.19 11.40 17.81 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 29.87 33.41 52.20 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.16 4.65 7.27 Measured
Oxygen wt% 17.55 19.64 30.68 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 4.04 4.52 7.06 Measured
Sulphur wt% 1.49 1.67 2.61 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.01 100.01 100.01 Calculated

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 858.2 960.0 1 500.0 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 251.8 281.6 440.0 Measured

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 12.07 13.79 21.54
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 13.23 14.80 23.13
HHVMilne MJ/kg 12.88 14.41 22.51 Calculated

Trace elements composition

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 20 300.0 Measured
Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 5.6 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 62.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 400.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 39 000.0 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 6.6 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 64.0 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 450.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 50 800.0 Measured
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 2.3 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 2 250.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 3 700.0 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 405.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 6.4 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 600.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 170.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 21 900.0 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 180.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.3
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.4
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 32 600.0 Measured
Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 24.0 Measured
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 350.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 420.0 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 930.0 Measured