paper residue sludge, granulates (#940)

ID-number#940
Materialpaper residue sludge, granulates
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ sludge ▸ paper sludge
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [900] solid recovered fuels (SRF) ▸ [909] overig SRF
Ash typeISO 1171 (815 degC), ash at 650 degC: 51.0%dry (average of 50.6 and 51.5%)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarkstested in ECN CFB gasifier (BIVKIN) mixed with demolition wood and grass
LiteratureJ. W. Vermeulen and A. van der Drift: Brandstoffen uit reststromen voor circulerend wervelbedvergassing, rapportage fase 2, (non-confidential version, in Dutch), Haarlem, NV Afvalzorg (1998).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.70
Ash content wt% 42.24 47.30
Volatile matter wt% 40.54 45.40 86.15
Fixed carbon wt% 6.52 7.30 13.85 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 20.45 22.90 43.45 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.63 2.94 5.58 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.64 0.72 1.37 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.30 0.34 0.65 Measured
Oxygen wt% 23.00 25.75 48.87 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 6.26 7.30 13.85
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 7.09 7.94 15.07
HHVMilne MJ/kg 7.29 8.16 15.48 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 214.3 240.0 455.4 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 169.7 190.0 360.5 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 66 000.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 610.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 380.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 95 800.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 63 800.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 2 460.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 2 920.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 520.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 1 300.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 19.5 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 52.0 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 76.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 7.4 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 16.0 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 13.0 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 62.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 55.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 Measured
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 6.0 Measured
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 120.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 26.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 Measured