miscanthus, sorghastrum avenaceum, Oregon (#899)

ID-number#899
Materialmiscanthus, sorghastrum avenaceum, Oregon
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash typeASTM D1102 600 oC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarks3-4 ft, heavy leaf small stem
LiteratureT. R. Miles, T. R. Miles,Jr, L. Baxter, R. W. Bryers, B. M. Jenkins and L. L. Oden: Alkali deposits found in biomass power plants. A preliminary investigation of their extend and nature, NREL/TP-433-8142, 82 p. (1995).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.33
Ash content wt% 3.68 4.15
Volatile matter wt% 72.42 81.67 85.21
Fixed carbon wt% 12.57 14.18 14.79 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.94 47.30 49.35 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.33 6.01 6.27 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.28 0.32 0.33 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 0.04 Measured
Oxygen wt% 37.37 42.14 43.96 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.15 17.39 18.15
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.59 18.71 19.52
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.78 18.92 19.74 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 354.7 400.0 417.3 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.08
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.30
SiO2 wt% (ash) 71.05
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.92
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.78
CaO wt% (ash) 6.81
MgO wt% (ash) 2.14
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.24
K2O wt% (ash) 8.70
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.02