railroad ties, sleepers (#885)

ID-number#885
Materialrailroad ties, sleepers
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ organic impregnated ▸ railroad ties, sleepers
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout ▸ [180] geïmpregneerd hout (C-hout) ▸ [184] geïmpregneerd hout: organische middelen niet-gehalogeneerd
Ash typeISO 1171 (815 degC)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarkstested in ECN CFB gasifier (BIVKIN)
LiteratureJ. W. Vermeulen and A. van der Drift: Brandstoffen uit reststromen voor circulerend wervelbedvergassing, rapportage fase 2, (non-confidential version, in Dutch), Haarlem, NV Afvalzorg (1998).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.60
Ash content wt% 2.32 2.60
Volatile matter wt% 70.76 79.15 81.26
Fixed carbon wt% 16.32 18.25 18.74 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 47.38 53.00 54.41 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.03 5.63 5.78 Measured
Oxygen wt% 34.32 38.39 39.41 Calculated
Nitrogen wt% 0.23 0.26 0.27 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 0.10 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 140.4 157.0 161.2 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 14.6 16.3 16.7 Measured

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.50 19.86 20.39
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.86 21.09 21.66
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.64 20.85 21.40 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 170