railroad ties, sleepers (#885)

ID-number#885
Materialrailroad ties, sleepers
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ organic impregnated ▸ railroad ties, sleepers
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout ▸ [180] geïmpregneerd hout (C-hout) ▸ [184] geïmpregneerd hout: organische middelen niet-gehalogeneerd
Ash typeISO 1171 (815 degC)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarkstested in ECN CFB gasifier (BIVKIN)
LiteratureJ. W. Vermeulen and A. van der Drift: Brandstoffen uit reststromen voor circulerend wervelbedvergassing, rapportage fase 2, (non-confidential version, in Dutch), Haarlem, NV Afvalzorg (1998).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.60
Ash content wt% 2.32 2.60
Volatile matter wt% 70.76 79.15 81.26
Fixed carbon wt% 16.32 18.25 18.74 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.38 53.00 54.41 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.03 5.63 5.78 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.23 0.26 0.27 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 34.32 38.39 39.41 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.50 19.86 20.39
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.86 21.09 21.66
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.64 20.85 21.40 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 140.4 157.0 161.2 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 14.6 16.3 16.7 Measured

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 170