railroad ties, sleepers (#854)

ID-number#854
Materialrailroad ties, sleepers
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ organic impregnated ▸ railroad ties, sleepers
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout ▸ [180] geïmpregneerd hout (C-hout) ▸ [184] geïmpregneerd hout: organische middelen niet-gehalogeneerd
Ash typeISO 1171 (815 degC)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarks10-20 mm, tested in ECN CFB gasifier (BIVKIN)
LiteratureJ. W. Vermeulen and A. van der Drift: Brandstoffen uit reststromen voor circulerend wervelbedvergassing, rapportage fase 2, (non-confidential version, in Dutch), Haarlem, NV Afvalzorg (1998).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)

Ultimate Analysis

Sulphur wt% 0.10 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 0.10 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 210.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 250.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 230.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 900.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 1 300.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 200.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 500.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 51.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 2.0
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.7 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 37.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 5.4 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 48.0 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 260.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 83.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.5

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 170