railroad ties, sleepers (#854)

ID-number#854
Materialrailroad ties, sleepers
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ organic impregnated ▸ railroad ties, sleepers
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout ▸ [180] geïmpregneerd hout (C-hout) ▸ [184] geïmpregneerd hout: organische middelen niet-gehalogeneerd
Ash typeISO 1171 (815 degC)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarks10-20 mm, tested in ECN CFB gasifier (BIVKIN)
LiteratureJ. W. Vermeulen and A. van der Drift: Brandstoffen uit reststromen voor circulerend wervelbedvergassing, rapportage fase 2, (non-confidential version, in Dutch), Haarlem, NV Afvalzorg (1998).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Sulphur wt% 0.10 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 0.10 Calculated

Trace elements composition

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 210.0 Measured
Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 2.0
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 83.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 900.0 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.7 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 500.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 250.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 200.0 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 37.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.5
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 230.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 5.4 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 51.0 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 48.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.9
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 1 300.0 Measured
Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 260.0 Measured

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 170