char from wheat straw (#761)

ID-number#761
Materialchar from wheat straw
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ Wheat straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Sample lot size0.122 mm
Ash typechar from fluid bed gasifier
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
LiteratureA. E. Ghaly, A. Ergüdenler and E. Laufer: Agglomeration characteristics of alumina sand-straw ash mixtures at elevated temperatures. Biomass and Bioenergy 5 (6) pp. 467-480 (1993).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 4.00
Ash content wt% 36.96 38.50
Volatile matter wt% 15.23 15.86 25.79
Fixed carbon wt% 43.81 45.64 74.21 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 52.02 54.19 88.11 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 1.34 1.40 2.28 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.85 0.89 1.45 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.07 0.11 Measured
Oxygen wt% 4.75 4.95 8.05 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.26 16.00 26.02
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.65 16.31 26.51
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.50 19.27 31.34 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (daf) kg/m³ (daf) 150