wood, birch (#76)

ID-number#76
Materialwood, birch
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ birch ▸ wood, birch
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [124] zacht loofhout met schors
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksgreen whole tree, chipped
LiteratureAnonymous: Forestry waste firing of industrial boilers, Oldham (UK), FEC Consultants, ETSU-B--1178 (1990).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 35.60
Ash content wt% 0.90 1.40
Volatile matter wt% 53.97 83.80 84.99
Fixed carbon wt% 9.53 14.80 15.01 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 32.32 50.19 50.90 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.83 7.49 7.60 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.32 0.49 0.50 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.32 0.49 0.50 Measured
Oxygen wt% 25.71 39.93 40.50 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 11.01 18.45 18.72
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 12.95 20.11 20.40
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.29 22.18 22.50 Calculated