wheat straw, soaked (#739)

ID-number#739
Materialwheat straw, soaked
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Ash type2 h at 575 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
LiteratureB. M. Jenkins, R. R. Bakker and J. B. Wei: On the properties of washed straw. Biomass and Bioenergy 10 (4) pp. 177-200 (1996).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.45

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.67 48.82 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.71 6.10 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.64 0.68 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 41.23 44.07 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.85 18.02
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.10 19.35
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.01 19.25 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 100.0 2 244.8 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.68
P2O5 wt% (ash) 3.35
SiO2 wt% (ash) 61.79
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.62
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.85
CaO wt% (ash) 5.84
MgO wt% (ash) 2.37
Na2O wt% (ash) 3.48
K2O wt% (ash) 5.81
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.04