rice straw, soaked (#736)

ID-number#736
Materialrice straw, soaked
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ rice
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [224] rijsthalm
Ash type2 h at 575 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
LiteratureB. M. Jenkins, R. R. Bakker and J. B. Wei: On the properties of washed straw. Biomass and Bioenergy 10 (4) pp. 177-200 (1996).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 88.00
Ash content wt% 2.05 17.10

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 4.81 40.06 48.32 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 0.62 5.20 6.27 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.06 0.48 0.58 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.06 0.07 Measured
Oxygen wt% 4.44 37.04 44.68 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg -0.38 14.72 17.75
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 1.90 15.85 19.12
HHVMilne MJ/kg 1.90 15.82 19.08 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 72.0 600.0 723.8 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 0.32
P2O5 wt% (ash) 0.39
SiO2 wt% (ash) 93.13
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.46
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.98
CaO wt% (ash) 2.12
MgO wt% (ash) 0.86
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.18
K2O wt% (ash) 2.03
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.05