switchgrass (#705)

ID-number#705
Materialswitchgrass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ switch grass ▸ switchgrass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://rredc.nrel.gov:80/biomass/doe/nrel/comp/alki/appendix.html (1998). Link obsolete. Instead, try http://www.nrel.gov/rredc/biomass_resource.html

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 13.68
Ash content wt% 5.64 6.53
Volatile matter wt% 66.49 77.03 82.41
Fixed carbon wt% 14.19 16.44 17.59 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.90 47.38 50.69 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.90 5.68 6.07 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.48 0.56 0.59 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.06 0.06 Measured
Oxygen wt% 34.27 39.70 42.48 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.91 17.66 18.90
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.32 18.90 20.22
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.18 18.74 20.05 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 800.0 926.8 991.6 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.84
SiO2 wt% (ash) 65.23
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 3.55
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 7.03
CaO wt% (ash) 7.19
MgO wt% (ash) 3.23
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.85
K2O wt% (ash) 5.32