switchgrass (#701)

ID-number#701
Materialswitchgrass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ switch grass ▸ switchgrass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://rredc.nrel.gov:80/biomass/doe/nrel/comp/alki/appendix.html (1998). Link obsolete. Instead, try http://www.nrel.gov/rredc/biomass_resource.html

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.16
Ash content wt% 4.22 4.59
Volatile matter wt% 72.73 79.19 83.01
Fixed carbon wt% 14.89 16.21 16.99 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.04 46.86 49.12 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.37 5.85 6.13 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.53 0.58 0.60 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 0.11 Measured
Oxygen wt% 38.12 41.51 43.51 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.74 17.36 18.20
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.12 18.64 19.53
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.08 18.60 19.50 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 4 600.0 5 008.7 5 249.9 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 15.42
SiO2 wt% (ash) 47.65
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.34
CaO wt% (ash) 7.39
MgO wt% (ash) 4.60
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.20
K2O wt% (ash) 21.30