railroad ties, sleepers (#654)

ID-number#654
Materialrailroad ties, sleepers
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ organic impregnated ▸ railroad ties, sleepers
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout ▸ [180] geïmpregneerd hout (C-hout) ▸ [184] geïmpregneerd hout: organische middelen niet-gehalogeneerd
Sample lot size< 3 mm
Ash typeISO 1171 (815 degC)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
LiteratureJ. W. Vermeulen and A. van der Drift: Brandstoffen uit reststromen voor circulerend wervelbedvergassing, rapportage fase 2, (non-confidential version, in Dutch), Haarlem, NV Afvalzorg (1998).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.60
Ash content wt% 0.81 0.90
Volatile matter wt% 69.79 77.20 77.90
Fixed carbon wt% 19.80 21.90 22.10 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.36 53.50 53.99 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.97 5.50 5.55 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.27 0.30 0.30 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 0.01 Measured
Oxygen wt% 35.96 39.78 40.14 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.85 20.00 20.18
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.16 21.20 21.39
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.71 20.69 20.88 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 90.4 100.0 100.9 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 9.0 10.0 10.1 Measured

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 500