paper (#635)

Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ paper ▸ paper
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [700] overig ▸ [710] oud papier
Ash typegrinding, 60 mesh, 14 hours at 575 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksash fusion temperatures according to ASTM D-1857
LiteratureE. A. Osman and J. R. Goss: Ash chemical composition, deformation and fusion temperatures for wood and agricultural residues. In: Proceedings of Winter meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, December 13-16, 1983, pp. 1-16 (1983).


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 890
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 130

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 4.00
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.46
SiO2 wt% (ash) 57.20
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 4.29
CaO wt% (ash) 0.15
MgO wt% (ash) 0.83
Na2O wt% (ash) 5.09
K2O wt% (ash) 1.85