alfalfa (#628)

ID-number#628
Materialalfalfa
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ alfalfa ▸ alfalfa
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 9.17

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.35 51.03 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.37 5.91 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 2.89 3.18 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.26 0.29 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 35.65 39.25 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.34 19.09
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.52 20.39
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.17 20.00 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 100.0 3 413.0 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 8.6 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 650
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 680
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 620
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 750

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 13.90
SO3 wt% (ash) 3.88
Cl wt% (ash) 2.83
P2O5 wt% (ash) 7.01
SiO2 wt% (ash) 4.50
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.24
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.32
CaO wt% (ash) 22.60
MgO wt% (ash) 2.65
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.14
K2O wt% (ash) 35.60
Pb mg/kg (ash) 2.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 68.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0