alfalfa (#627)

ID-number#627
Materialalfalfa
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ alfalfa ▸ alfalfa
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 10.10

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.22 50.30 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.14 5.72 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 2.91 3.24 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.23 0.26 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 36.09 40.14 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.92 18.82
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.05 20.08
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.41 19.37 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 100.0 3 448.3 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.1 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 660
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 680
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 710
FT (fluid temperature) °C 710

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 18.40
SO3 wt% (ash) 2.87
Cl wt% (ash) 2.69
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.00
SiO2 wt% (ash) 2.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.19
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.24
CaO wt% (ash) 15.60
MgO wt% (ash) 1.96
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.20
K2O wt% (ash) 41.10
Pb mg/kg (ash) 1.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 89.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0