switchgrass (#620)

ID-number#620
Materialswitchgrass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ switch grass ▸ switchgrass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksused in Batelle-concept
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 10.11

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.79 53.16 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.76 6.41 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.17 1.30 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 35.07 39.01 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.77 18.65
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.02 20.05
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.43 21.62 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.90
P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.60
SiO2 wt% (ash) 69.92
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.45
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.45
CaO wt% (ash) 4.80
MgO wt% (ash) 2.60
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.10
K2O wt% (ash) 15.00
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.12