miscanthus (#596)

ID-number#596
Materialmiscanthus
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarks2 year, moisture content average of harvest jan.1991, 6 sites in Austria cf. Biomass & Bioenergy 5 (1993) 413-419
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 45.00
Ash content wt% 2.67 4.86

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 26.06 47.39 49.81 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 2.98 5.41 5.69 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.27 0.49 0.52 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.06 0.06 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 22.86 41.57 43.69 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 8.72 17.86 18.77
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 10.48 19.05 20.02
HHVMilne MJ/kg 10.01 18.20 19.13 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 210.0 2 200.0 2 312.4 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 970
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 080
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 140
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 220

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 0.37
SO3 wt% (ash) 3.50
Cl wt% (ash) 1.69
P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.01
SiO2 wt% (ash) 70.60
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.23
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.44
CaO wt% (ash) 5.20
MgO wt% (ash) 2.95
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.17
K2O wt% (ash) 9.80