miscanthus (#591)

ID-number#591
Materialmiscanthus
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarks2 year, moisture content average of harvest jan.1991, 6 sites in Austria cf. Biomass & Bioenergy 5 (1993) 413-419
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 45.00
Ash content wt% 2.62 4.77

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 26.24 47.71 50.10 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 3.00 5.46 5.73 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.30 0.54 0.57 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.06 0.06 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 22.67 41.21 43.27 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 8.83 18.06 18.96
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 10.59 19.26 20.22
HHVMilne MJ/kg 10.13 18.41 19.33 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 375.0 2 500.0 2 625.2 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 980
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 070
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 150
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 220

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 0.44
SO3 wt% (ash) 3.80
Cl wt% (ash) 2.05
P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.00
SiO2 wt% (ash) 70.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.21
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.28
CaO wt% (ash) 5.80
MgO wt% (ash) 3.01
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.15
K2O wt% (ash) 10.30