miscanthus (#587)

ID-number#587
Materialmiscanthus
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarks3 year, moisture content average of harvest jan.1992, 6 sites in Austria cf. Biomass & Bioenergy 5 (1993) 413-419
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 42.00
Ash content wt% 1.18 2.04

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 28.28 48.75 49.77 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 3.24 5.58 5.70 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.24 0.42 0.43 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.02 0.02 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 24.86 42.86 43.75 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 9.41 17.99 18.36
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 11.14 19.21 19.61
HHVMilne MJ/kg 10.89 18.78 19.17 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 914.0 3 300.0 3 368.7 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 1.1 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 910
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 970
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 010
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 090

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 4.00
SO3 wt% (ash) 4.14
Cl wt% (ash) 3.03
P2O5 wt% (ash) 3.76
SiO2 wt% (ash) 42.80
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.21
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.19
CaO wt% (ash) 5.00
MgO wt% (ash) 4.86
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.48
K2O wt% (ash) 31.70
Pb mg/kg (ash) 34.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 1.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 114.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0