miscanthus (#583)

ID-number#583
Materialmiscanthus
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarks3 year, harvest feb.1992 St. Florian, Austria cf. Biomass & Bioenergy 5 (1993) 413-419
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 35.00
Ash content wt% 1.70 2.62

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 31.73 48.81 50.12 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 3.46 5.33 5.47 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.29 0.44 0.45 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.04 0.04 Measured
Oxygen wt% 27.58 42.43 43.57 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 10.91 18.10 18.58
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 12.53 19.27 19.79
HHVMilne MJ/kg 12.03 18.51 19.01 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 145.0 3 300.0 3 388.8 Measured

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 820
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 870
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 010
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 050

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 5.40
SO3 wt% (ash) 3.96
Cl wt% (ash) 6.79
P2O5 wt% (ash) 3.02
SiO2 wt% (ash) 35.40
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.16
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.12
CaO wt% (ash) 3.90
MgO wt% (ash) 2.76
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.18
K2O wt% (ash) 34.20
Pb mg/kg (ash) 15.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 57.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0