miscanthus (#578)

ID-number#578
Materialmiscanthus
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarks2 year, harvest feb.1991 Atzenbrugg, Austria cf. Biomass & Bioenergy 5 (1993) 413-419
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 41.00
Ash content wt% 2.56 4.34

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 28.11 47.64 49.80 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 3.23 5.47 5.72 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.29 0.49 0.51 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.06 0.06 Measured
Oxygen wt% 24.60 41.69 43.58 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 9.43 17.68 18.48
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 11.14 18.88 19.74
HHVMilne MJ/kg 10.83 18.36 19.19 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 829.0 3 100.0 3 240.6 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 870
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 030
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 130
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 200

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 0.37
SO3 wt% (ash) 2.10
Cl wt% (ash) 0.74
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.81
SiO2 wt% (ash) 74.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.22
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.27
CaO wt% (ash) 6.40
MgO wt% (ash) 2.80
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.26
K2O wt% (ash) 9.90