miscanthus (#568)

ID-number#568
Materialmiscanthus
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarks2 year, harvest feb.1991 Steinbrunn, Austria cf. Biomass & Bioenergy 5 (1993) 413-419
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 40.00
Ash content wt% 2.85 4.75

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 28.75 47.92 50.31 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 3.30 5.50 5.77 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.32 0.54 0.57 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.11 0.12 Measured
Oxygen wt% 24.60 41.00 43.04 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 9.74 17.86 18.75
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 11.44 19.07 20.02
HHVMilne MJ/kg 11.14 18.57 19.49 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 080.0 1 800.0 1 889.8 Measured

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 2.3 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 880
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 020
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 120
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 200

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 1.47
SO3 wt% (ash) 3.70
Cl wt% (ash) 1.45
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.75
SiO2 wt% (ash) 63.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.36
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.45
CaO wt% (ash) 7.10
MgO wt% (ash) 2.85
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.18
K2O wt% (ash) 14.80
Pb mg/kg (ash) 20.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.6
Cu mg/kg (ash) 53.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0