sweet sorghum (#564)

ID-number#564
Materialsweet sorghum
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sorghum ▸ sweet sorghum
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 10.18

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.22 51.46 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.13 5.71 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.91 1.01 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 37.20 41.42 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.45 18.31
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.60 19.60
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.83 19.86 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 900.0 3 228.7 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.8 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 7.1 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 120
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 150
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 200
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 250

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 4.50
SO3 wt% (ash) 4.29
Cl wt% (ash) 1.67
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.59
SiO2 wt% (ash) 52.70
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.82
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 3.51
CaO wt% (ash) 8.00
MgO wt% (ash) 2.87
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.32
K2O wt% (ash) 13.50
Pb mg/kg (ash) 40.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 57.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0