sweet sorghum (#563)

ID-number#563
Materialsweet sorghum
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sorghum ▸ sweet sorghum
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 7.44

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.15 47.70 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.65 6.10 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.24 1.34 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.06 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 41.07 44.37 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.40 17.71
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.64 19.06
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.35 18.74 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 900.0 4 213.5 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 8.4 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 260
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 350
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 440
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 490

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 16.40
SO3 wt% (ash) 1.04
Cl wt% (ash) 4.01
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.19
SiO2 wt% (ash) 16.20
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.34
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.52
CaO wt% (ash) 23.80
MgO wt% (ash) 4.43
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.12
K2O wt% (ash) 20.40
Pb mg/kg (ash) 3.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 83.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0