sweet sorghum (#562)

ID-number#562
Materialsweet sorghum
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sorghum ▸ sweet sorghum
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 5.42

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.42 49.08 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.58 5.90 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.12 1.18 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.07 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 41.03 43.38 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.02 18.00
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.25 19.30
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.07 19.11 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 600.0 3 806.3 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.7 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 950
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 050
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 070
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 130

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 0.37
SO3 wt% (ash) 3.60
Cl wt% (ash) 2.20
P2O5 wt% (ash) 6.20
SiO2 wt% (ash) 46.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.39
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.53
CaO wt% (ash) 8.10
MgO wt% (ash) 4.00
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.48
K2O wt% (ash) 28.60
Pb mg/kg (ash) 33.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.4
Cu mg/kg (ash) 95.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0