sweet sorghum (#561)

ID-number#561
Materialsweet sorghum
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sorghum ▸ sweet sorghum
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 5.48

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.11 48.78 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.55 5.87 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.11 1.17 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.08 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 41.41 43.81 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.98 17.96
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.20 19.26
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.88 18.92 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 600.0 2 750.7 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.3 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 900
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 000
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 080
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 130

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 1.25
SO3 wt% (ash) 3.40
Cl wt% (ash) 1.90
P2O5 wt% (ash) 6.50
SiO2 wt% (ash) 45.10
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.71
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.19
CaO wt% (ash) 8.80
MgO wt% (ash) 3.60
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.45
K2O wt% (ash) 24.00
Pb mg/kg (ash) 41.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 114.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0