sweet sorghum (#560)

ID-number#560
Materialsweet sorghum
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sorghum ▸ sweet sorghum
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.96

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.14 48.52 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.58 6.00 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.74 0.80 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 41.39 44.49 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.43 17.66
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.66 18.98
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.62 18.94 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 400.0 1 504.7 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 6.9 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 2.3 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 850
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 060
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 120
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 140

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 7.20
SO3 wt% (ash) 3.64
Cl wt% (ash) 1.75
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.20
SiO2 wt% (ash) 43.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.50
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.83
CaO wt% (ash) 11.80
MgO wt% (ash) 3.69
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.17
K2O wt% (ash) 18.20
Pb mg/kg (ash) 22.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.3
Cu mg/kg (ash) 84.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0