sweet sorghum (#559)

ID-number#559
Materialsweet sorghum
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sorghum ▸ sweet sorghum
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 7.34

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.82 49.45 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 4.49 4.85 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.33 0.36 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 41.67 44.97 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.27 18.64
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.26 19.71
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.42 17.72 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 300.0 3 561.4 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 4.8 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 140
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 220
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 250
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 250

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 3.90
SO3 wt% (ash) 1.23
Cl wt% (ash) 2.21
P2O5 wt% (ash) 0.89
SiO2 wt% (ash) 44.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.03
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 3.42
CaO wt% (ash) 26.50
MgO wt% (ash) 3.42
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.51
K2O wt% (ash) 11.40
Pb mg/kg (ash) 60.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 49.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0