sweet sorghum (#558)

ID-number#558
Materialsweet sorghum
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sorghum ▸ sweet sorghum
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.79

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.78 50.19 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 4.82 5.17 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.35 1.45 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 39.80 42.70 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.26 18.52
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.32 19.66
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.29 18.55 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 900.0 4 184.1 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 2.0 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 920
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 950
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 040
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 040

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 5.50
SO3 wt% (ash) 2.93
Cl wt% (ash) 5.10
P2O5 wt% (ash) 7.80
SiO2 wt% (ash) 30.10
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.41
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.86
CaO wt% (ash) 9.90
MgO wt% (ash) 3.36
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.22
K2O wt% (ash) 33.60
Pb mg/kg (ash) 25.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.4
Cu mg/kg (ash) 138.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0