sunflower (#556)

ID-number#556
Materialsunflower
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sunflower ▸ sunflower
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 8.82

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.51 49.91 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.03 5.52 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.31 0.34 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 39.62 43.45 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.93 17.47
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.04 18.69
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.26 18.93 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 6 800.0 7 457.8 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 5.2 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 620
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 630
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 670
FT (fluid temperature) °C 700

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 24.30
SO3 wt% (ash) 1.12
Cl wt% (ash) 6.59
P2O5 wt% (ash) 0.66
SiO2 wt% (ash) 3.90
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.24
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.34
CaO wt% (ash) 13.20
MgO wt% (ash) 2.76
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.35
K2O wt% (ash) 40.60
Pb mg/kg (ash) 1.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 38.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0