sunflower (#554)

ID-number#554
Materialsunflower
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sunflower ▸ sunflower
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 11.95

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.77 53.12 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.51 6.26 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.89 2.15 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.21 0.24 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 33.15 37.65 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.91 20.34
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.12 21.71
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.88 21.44 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 5 200.0 5 905.7 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 19.6 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 820
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 920
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 640
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 650

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 29.99
SO3 wt% (ash) 1.81
Cl wt% (ash) 3.94
P2O5 wt% (ash) 3.36
SiO2 wt% (ash) 4.40
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.05
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.10
CaO wt% (ash) 8.82
MgO wt% (ash) 1.17
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.10
K2O wt% (ash) 19.50
Pb mg/kg (ash) 5.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 84.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0