rape (#538)

ID-number#538
Materialrape
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ rape ▸ rape
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 9.73

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.66 49.47 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.13 5.68 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.40 1.55 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.30 0.33 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 37.80 41.87 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.48 18.26
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.61 19.51
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.19 19.05 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 9 800.0 10 856.3 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.6 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 11.6 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 920
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 380
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 460
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 530

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 2.86
SO3 wt% (ash) 12.70
Cl wt% (ash) 9.20
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.10
SiO2 wt% (ash) 7.80
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.78
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.57
CaO wt% (ash) 22.90
MgO wt% (ash) 2.50
Na2O wt% (ash) 6.80
K2O wt% (ash) 21.60
Pb mg/kg (ash) 27.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 82.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0