lupin (#532)

ID-number#532
Materiallupin
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ flower/garden plants ▸ lupin
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.56

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.02 51.39 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.02 5.37 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.00 1.07 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.48 0.51 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 38.33 41.02 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.24 18.45
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.34 19.63
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.23 19.51 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 5 900.0 6 314.2 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.4 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 660
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 680
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 750
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 800

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 11.90
SO3 wt% (ash) 14.60
Cl wt% (ash) 6.58
P2O5 wt% (ash) 3.83
SiO2 wt% (ash) 5.90
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.28
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.44
CaO wt% (ash) 14.90
MgO wt% (ash) 3.68
Na2O wt% (ash) 2.62
K2O wt% (ash) 31.40
Pb mg/kg (ash) 2.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 30.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0