lupin (#531)

ID-number#531
Materiallupin
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ flower/garden plants ▸ lupin
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 22.91

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 34.41 44.64 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 3.76 4.88 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.50 1.95 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.18 0.23 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 36.70 47.61 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.89 19.32
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.72 20.39
HHVMilne MJ/kg 11.86 15.39 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 5 400.0 7 004.8 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 8.2 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 16.7 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 100
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 170
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 220
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 260

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 6.00
SO3 wt% (ash) 2.43
Cl wt% (ash) 2.77
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.97
SiO2 wt% (ash) 53.60
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.28
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 5.80
CaO wt% (ash) 10.70
MgO wt% (ash) 2.20
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.97
K2O wt% (ash) 10.40
Pb mg/kg (ash) 23.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 38.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0