flax (#522)

ID-number#522
Materialflax
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ flax ▸ flax
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 4.47

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.21 50.47 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.35 5.60 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.64 0.67 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.15 0.16 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 40.79 42.70 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.73 18.56
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.91 19.79
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.49 19.35 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 900.0 4 082.5 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.3 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 730
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 750
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 670
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 680

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 19.40
SO3 wt% (ash) 5.05
Cl wt% (ash) 4.13
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.94
SiO2 wt% (ash) 4.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.42
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.76
CaO wt% (ash) 21.60
MgO wt% (ash) 3.21
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.86
K2O wt% (ash) 30.50
Pb mg/kg (ash) 20.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 59.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0