cotton stalks (#520)

Materialcotton stalks
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ cotton ▸ cotton stalks
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typegrinding, 60 mesh, 14 hours at 575 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksash fusion temperatures according to ASTM D-1857
LiteratureE. A. Osman and J. R. Goss: Ash chemical composition, deformation and fusion temperatures for wood and agricultural residues. In: Proceedings of Winter meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, December 13-16, 1983, pp. 1-16 (1983).


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 110
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 275

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 6.55
P2O5 wt% (ash) 6.40
SiO2 wt% (ash) 33.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.80
CaO wt% (ash) 3.56
MgO wt% (ash) 6.05
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.37
K2O wt% (ash) 21.40