wheat grain (#491)

ID-number#491
Materialwheat grain
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ grain/meal ▸ wheat grain
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [242] granen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 7.27

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.80 49.39 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.05 5.45 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.34 0.37 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.06 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 41.05 44.27 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.04 18.37
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.15 19.57
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.23 18.58 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 4 300.0 4 637.1 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 870
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 000
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 120
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 220

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 0.37
SO3 wt% (ash) 2.00
Cl wt% (ash) 1.20
P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.00
SiO2 wt% (ash) 84.20
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.09
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.16
CaO wt% (ash) 2.50
MgO wt% (ash) 0.60
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.14
K2O wt% (ash) 8.40
Pb mg/kg (ash) 6.9
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 10.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0