wheat + corn (1:3) (#483)

Materialwheat + corn (1:3)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [221] mengsel stro
Ash typegrinding, 60 mesh, 14 hours at 575 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksash fusion temperatures according to ASTM D-1857
LiteratureE. A. Osman and J. R. Goss: Ash chemical composition, deformation and fusion temperatures for wood and agricultural residues. In: Proceedings of Winter meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, December 13-16, 1983, pp. 1-16 (1983).


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 985
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 260

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 2.96
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.10
SiO2 wt% (ash) 71.70
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 3.30
CaO wt% (ash) 0.95
MgO wt% (ash) 8.30
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.54
K2O wt% (ash) 14.76