wheat straw (#472)

ID-number#472
Materialwheat straw
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 9.44

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.94 47.42 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.22 5.76 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.57 0.63 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.35 0.39 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 39.45 43.56 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.64 17.27
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.78 18.53
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.63 18.37 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 20 300.0 22 416.1 Unknown

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 4.43
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.72
SiO2 wt% (ash) 40.58
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.98
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.66
CaO wt% (ash) 5.97
MgO wt% (ash) 2.53
Na2O wt% (ash) 9.77
K2O wt% (ash) 19.30
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.12