rice straw (#449)

ID-number#449
Materialrice straw
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ rice ▸ rice straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [224] rijsthalm
Ash typegrinding, 60 mesh, 14 hours at 575 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksdecayed bales, ash fusion temperatures according to ASTM D-1857
LiteratureE. A. Osman and J. R. Goss: Ash chemical composition, deformation and fusion temperatures for wood and agricultural residues. In: Proceedings of Winter meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, December 13-16, 1983, pp. 1-16 (1983).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 850
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 280

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.83
P2O5 wt% (ash) 0.90
SiO2 wt% (ash) 78.60
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.44
CaO wt% (ash) 0.88
MgO wt% (ash) 2.00
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.44
K2O wt% (ash) 14.50