barley (#433)

ID-number#433
Materialbarley
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ barley ▸ barley
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [222] gerstestro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 5.88

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.86 49.79 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.31 5.64 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.73 0.78 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.13 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 40.12 42.63 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.40 18.49
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.57 19.73
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.02 19.15 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 9 800.0 10 412.2 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.3 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 720
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 760
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 010
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 080

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 2.50
SO3 wt% (ash) 4.43
Cl wt% (ash) 11.90
P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.73
SiO2 wt% (ash) 33.80
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.28
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.28
CaO wt% (ash) 8.30
MgO wt% (ash) 2.22
Na2O wt% (ash) 4.11
K2O wt% (ash) 26.10
Pb mg/kg (ash) 2.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.2
Cu mg/kg (ash) 36.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0