waste from brewing-industries (#422)

ID-number#422
Materialwaste from brewing-industries
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [530] pulp-VGI ▸ [535] natte-vezel/bostel
Ash typeindustrial
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 4.40

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 51.10 53.45 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 6.87 7.19 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 4.66 4.87 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.44 0.46 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 32.52 34.01 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.50 21.44
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 22.20 23.22
HHVMilne MJ/kg 22.01 23.03 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 142.0 148.5 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 100
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 540
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 700
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 700

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 30.40
SiO2 wt% (ash) 42.70
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.30
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.80
CaO wt% (ash) 13.70
MgO wt% (ash) 7.50
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.20
K2O wt% (ash) 0.90
Pb mg/kg (ash) 9.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 833.0
Cr mg/kg (ash) 27.0