sunflower (#420)

ID-number#420
Materialsunflower
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ sunflower ▸ sunflower
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 2.95

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 54.78 56.45 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.83 6.01 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.30 1.34 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.13 0.13 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 34.93 35.99 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 21.05 21.69
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 22.35 23.03
HHVMilne MJ/kg 22.00 22.67 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 800.0 824.3 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 020
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 100
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 750
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 800

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 15.90
SO3 wt% (ash) 3.77
Cl wt% (ash) 1.41
P2O5 wt% (ash) 13.10
SiO2 wt% (ash) 8.10
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.28
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.29
CaO wt% (ash) 10.60
MgO wt% (ash) 5.25
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.08
K2O wt% (ash) 33.50
Pb mg/kg (ash) 13.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 340.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0