rape (#410)

ID-number#410
Materialrape
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ rape ▸ rape
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typeindustrial
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.30

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 50.20 53.58 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 6.86 7.32 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 5.05 5.39 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.77 0.82 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 30.79 32.86 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.30 21.66
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 22.00 23.48
HHVMilne MJ/kg 21.85 23.32 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 315.0 336.2 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 000
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 120
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 140
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 140

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 40.90
SiO2 wt% (ash) 1.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.60
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.20
CaO wt% (ash) 14.50
MgO wt% (ash) 16.00
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.10
K2O wt% (ash) 24.10
Pb mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 75.0
Cr mg/kg (ash) 7.0